In order to preserve the distinguishing traits of the BMD, it is necessary
to identify what they are.
Each Bernese Mountain Dog is completely unique; yet each bears similar traits
to all others.
The dogs pictured lived during the early and mid 20th
century. Their blood lives on in the Bernese we appreciate today.
"Bernese Mountain Dog Historical Art"
Artists' impressions of Berners from the past. Farms,
mountains and the people who lived there is what the breed knew. more...
Correct BMD body proportion, correct (balanced) angulation
of fore and rear quarters, correct length of tail. more...
Angulation is the foundation for muscle structure. Correct
shoulder angulation allows for substantial muscle structure which lends
strength and stability to forequarters. more...
The hips, stifles, hocks and feet are aligned in an
efficient column of support to provide strength and drive. more...
The natural working gait of the Bernese Mountain Dog,
a slow trot. more...
"BMD Structure Studies"
A dog's structure influences the kind of work he is capable
of doing. It also may determine whether or not he will remain physically
sound over the course of his life. more...
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"BMD Head type"
The manner in which the bones of the skull interact to
form planes contributes to head type. more...
Typical eye shape, eye color, variations and heritable
eye conditions found in the breed. more...
"BMD Ears and Earset"
The ears are medium sized, set high, triangular in shape,
gently rounded at the tip, and hang close to the head when in repose.
Bites are controlled by genetics, nutrition, environment,
and by mechanical forces. more...
"BMD Color and Markings"
It is not uncommon to see markings variations in Bernese.
Correct markings and more...
"BMD Facial Markings"
Facial markings in Bernese. Correct markings and more...
"BMD Coat Type"
The breed was developed to work in the alpine meadows
and snowy mountainous regions of Switzerland. The Bernese required a coat
that would protect them from the cold and snow. more...
The Bernese Mountain Dog Illustrated Commentary on the AKC Breed Standard
is a resource designed to further the understanding of Bernese Mountain
Dog breed characteristics. The Illustrated Commentary on the BMD Standard
pages are available as both web pages and as PDF's. The PDF pages print
out on 8 & 1/2 x 11 inch sheets.
If you have comments or questions on the material please drop us a line.
"Introduction" For an introduction to Bernese, see
or see the